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Title: A study of the energetic turbulence structures during stall delay
Authors: Wu, Y
Lee, HM
Tang, H 
Keywords: Separated turbulent flow
Stall delay
Tomographic PIV
Turbulence structures
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: International journal of heat and fluid flow, 2015, v. 54, p. 183-195 How to cite?
Journal: International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 
Abstract: This study revealed the three-dimensional instantaneous topologies of the large-scale turbulence structures in the separated flow on the suction surface of wind turbine's blade during stall delay. These structures are the major contributors to the first two POD (proper orthogonal decomposition) modes. The two kinds of instantaneous flow structures as major contributors to the first POD mode are: (1) extended regions of downwash flow with an upstream upward flow beside it and a compact vortex pair closer to the blade's leading edge; (2) a large-scale clockwise vortex with strong induced flows. The two kinds of flow structures contributing significantly to the second POD mode are: (1) large counter-rotating vortices inducing strong upward velocities and a series of small vortices; (2) strong downwash flow coming from the leading-edge shear layer with a large and strong vortex on the left side and small vortices upstream. The statistical impacts of these large-scale and energetic structures on the turbulence have also been studied. It was observed that when these turbulence structures were removed from the flow, the peak values of some statistics were significantly reduced.
ISSN: 0142-727X
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2015.05.013
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