Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/15129
Title: Barrier qualities of the mouse eye to topically applied drugs
Authors: Wang, Z
Do, CW 
Avila, MY
Stone, RA
Jacobson, KA
Civan, MM
Keywords: intraocular pressure
miosis
pneumotonometer
purinergic drugs
servo-null micropipette system (SNMS)
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Academic Press
Source: Experimental eye research, 2007, v. 85, no. 1, p. 105-112 How to cite?
Journal: Experimental eye research 
Abstract: The mouse eye displays unusually rapid intraocular pressure (IOP) responses to topically applied drugs as measured by the invasive servo-null micropipette system (SNMS). To learn if the time course reflected rapid drug transfer across the thin mouse cornea and sclera, we monitored a different parameter, pupillary size, following topical application of droplets containing 40 μM (0.073 μg) carbachol. No miosis developed from this low carbachol concentration unless the cornea was impaled with an exploring micropipette as used in the SNMS. We also compared the mouse IOP response to several purinergic drugs, measured by the invasive SNMS and non-invasive pneumotonometry. Responses to the previously studied non-selective adenosine-receptor (AR) agonist adenosine, the A3-selective agonist Cl-IB-MECA and the A3-selective antagonist MRS 1191 were all enhanced to varying degrees, in time and magnitude, by corneal impalement. We conclude that the thin ocular coats of the mouse eye actually present a substantial barrier to drug penetration. Corneal impalement with even fine-tipped micropipettes can significantly enhance entry of topically-applied drugs into the mouse aqueous humor, reflecting either direct diffusion around the tip or a more complex impalement-triggered change in ocular barrier properties. Comparison of invasive and non-invasive measurement methods can document drug efficacy at intraocular target sites even if topical drug penetration is too slow to manifest convincing physiologic effects in intact eyes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/15129
ISSN: 0014-4835
DOI: 10.1016/j.exer.2007.03.006
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