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Title: Effect of beam arrangement on oral cavity dose in external beam radiotherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Authors: Wu, VWC 
Yang, ZN
Zhang, WZ
Wu, LL
Lin, ZX
Keywords: Beam arrangement
Dose distribution
Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC)
Oral cavity
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
Source: Medical dosimetry, 2012, v. 37, no. 2, p. 122-126 How to cite?
Journal: Medical Dosimetry 
Abstract: This study compared the oral cavity dose between the routine 7-beam intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) beam arrangement and 2 other 7-beam IMRT with the conventional radiotherapy beam arrangements in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Ten NPC patients treated by the 7-beam routine IMRT technique (IMRT-7R) between April 2009 and June 2009 were recruited. Using the same computed tomography data, target information, and dose constraints for all the contoured structures, 2 IMRT plans with alternative beam arrangements (IMRT-7M and IMRT-7P) by avoiding the anterior facial beam and 1 conventional radiotherapy plan (CONRT) were computed using the Pinnacle treatment planning system. Dose-volume histograms were generated for the planning target volumes (PTVs) and oral cavity from which the dose parameters and the conformity index of the PTV were recorded for dosimetric comparisons among the plans with different beam arrangements. The dose distributions to the PTVs were similar among the 3 IMRT beam arrangements, whereas the differences were significant between IMRT-7R and CONRT plans. For the oral cavity dose, the 3 IMRT beam arrangements did not show significant difference. Compared with IMRT-7R, CONRT plan showed a significantly lower mean dose, V30 and V-40, whereas the V-60 was significantly higher. The 2 suggested alternative beam arrangements did not significantly reduce the oral cavity dose. The impact of varying the beam angles in IMRT of NPC did not give noticeable effect on the target and oral cavity. Compared with IMRT, the 2-D conventional radiotherapy irradiated a greater high-dose volume in the oral cavity.
DOI: 10.1016/j.meddos.2011.02.003
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