Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/14819
Title: Elicitor-like effects of low-energy ultrasound on plant (Panax ginseng) cells: Induction of plant defense responses and secondary metabolite production
Authors: Wu, J 
Lin, L
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Springer
Source: Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 2002, v. 59, no. 1, p. 51-57 How to cite?
Journal: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 
Abstract: In this work we examined the elicitor-like effects of low-energy ultrasound (US) on plant cells with respect to the induction of plant defense responses and secondary metabolite production. Panax ginseng cells in suspension culture were exposed to US (power ≤0.1 W/cm 3 at 38.5 kHz fixed frequency) for short periods of time (30 s-6 min). Two early events in plant defense metabolism and signal transduction pathways, the increased cross-membrane ion fluxes (Ca 2+ influx and K + efflux/H + influx) and the production of active oxygen species (AOS), were detected in sonicated cultures within 2 min after US exposure. These responses could be induced with small doses of US energy, 0.6-0.8 J/cm 3, and enhanced by increasing US energy within a non-inhibitory range. US treatment stimulated the synthesis of useful secondary metabolites, saponins of ginseng cells, without causing any net loss of the biomass yield of ginseng cell cultures. These results suggest that US can act as a potent abiotic elicitor to induce the defense responses of plant cells and to stimulate secondary metabolite production in plant cell cultures.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/14819
ISSN: 0175-7598
DOI: 10.1007/s00253-002-0971-2
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