Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/14569
Title: Parametric design of pressure-relieving foot orthosis using statistics-based finite element method
Authors: Cheung, JTM
Zhang, M
Keywords: Diabetes
Footwear design
Insole
Plantar pressure
Taguchi
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Medical engineering & physics, 2008, v. 30, no. 3, p. 269-277 How to cite?
Journal: Medical engineering & physics 
Abstract: Custom-molded foot orthoses are frequently prescribed in routine clinical practice to prevent or treat plantar ulcers in diabetes by reducing the peak plantar pressure. However, the design and fabrication of foot orthosis vary among clinical practitioners and manufacturers. Moreover, little information about the parametric effect of different combinations of design factors is available. As an alternative to the experimental approach, therefore, computational models of the foot and footwear can provide efficient evaluations of different combinations of structural and material design factors on plantar pressure distribution. In this study, a combined finite element and Taguchi method was used to identify the sensitivity of five design factors (arch type, insole and midsole thickness, insole and midsole stiffness) of foot orthosis on peak plantar pressure relief. From the FE predictions, the custom-molded shape was found to be the most important design factor in reducing peak plantar pressure. Besides the use of an arch-conforming foot orthosis, the insole stiffness was found to be the second most important factor for peak pressure reduction. Other design factors, such as insole thickness, midsole stiffness and midsole thickness, contributed to less important roles in peak pressure reduction in the given order. The statistics-based FE method was found to be an effective approach in evaluating and optimizing the design of foot orthosis.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/14569
ISSN: 1350-4533
DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2007.05.002
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