Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/14075
Title: Pyroelectric properties of BiFeO3 ceramics prepared by a modified solid-state-reaction method
Authors: Yao, Y
Ploss, B
Mak, CL 
Wong, KH
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Springer
Source: Applied physics. A, Materials science & processing, 2010, v. 99, no. 1, p. 211-216 How to cite?
Journal: Applied physics. A, Materials science & processing 
Abstract: BiFeO3 (BFO) ceramics were prepared by a modified solid-state-reaction method which adopts a higher heating/cooling rate during the sintering process than usually used. It was found that the calcination temperature Tcal (from 400 to 750°C) does not influence the BFO phase formation, while the sintering temperature Tsin (from 815 to 845°C) dominates the phase purity. The optimum sintering temperature was in the range from 825 to 835°C. The optimized samples exhibit saturated ferroelectric hysteresis loops with a remnant polarization of 13.2 μC/cm 2. The measured piezoelectric coefficient d33 was 45 pC/N. No remnant magnetization was observed in all of the samples. The pyroelectric properties were studied as a function of temperature and frequency. A pyroelectric coefficient as high as 90 μC/m2 K was obtained at room temperature in the optimized sample. An abrupt decrease of the pyroelectric coefficient was observed at temperatures between 70 and 80°C. On the basis of our results, BFO may have the potential for pyroelectric applications.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/14075
ISSN: 0947-8396
EISSN: 1432-0630
DOI: 10.1007/s00339-009-5499-1
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