Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/13841
Title: For the benefit of others : generativity and meaning in life in the elderly in four cultures
Authors: Hofer, J
Busch, H
Au, A 
Šolcová, IP
Tavel, P
Wong, TT
Keywords: Belief in the species
Generativity
Goals
Machiavellianism
Well-being
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: American Psychological Association Inc.
Source: Psychology and aging, 2014, v. 29, no. 4, p. 764-775 How to cite?
Journal: Psychology and Aging 
Abstract: Generativity has been argued to be an important indicator of successful aging. Indeed, generative concern has been found to be associated with meaning in life. In the present study, this relationship is argued to be partly explained through generative goals. Moreover, the path between generative goals and meaning in life is hypothesized to be conditional on belief in the species (assessed through Machiavellianism as a proxy variable). This moderated mediation model is tested with data from 4 cultural samples: 856 Cameroonian, Czech, German, and Hong Kong Chinese participants aged at least 60 years provided information on their generative concern, generative goals, meaning in life, and Machiavellianism. Controlling for effects of relationship, level of education, everyday competence, and cognitive functioning on meaning in life, analyses confirmed the moderated mediation model in all cultural samples. That is, generative concern is partly associated with meaning in life because it leads to generative goals. In turn, these provide individuals with meaning in life. This association, however, depends on belief in the species in that meaning in life does not increase when Machiavellian attitudes compete with generative goals.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/13841
ISSN: 0947-8396
DOI: 10.1037/a0037762
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