Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/13651
Title: A methodology for eco-efficiency evaluation of residential development at city level
Authors: Li, DZ
Hui, ECM 
Leung, BYP 
Li, QM
Xu, X
Keywords: China
Eco-efficiency
Ecological footprint
Environmental efficiency
Environmental impacts
Residential development
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Building and environment, 2010, v. 45, no. 3, p. 566-573 How to cite?
Journal: Building and environment 
Abstract: Residential development provides product/service value like floor space, while at the same time it induces severe environmental impacts. This paper introduces a methodology for eco-efficiency (EE) evaluation of residential development at city level, which links product/service value and environmental impacts together. Different from previous researches on environmental impacts related to the construction process of residential buildings, the proposed methodology selects the ecological footprint (EF) as an aggregate environmental indicator to represent all resources consumed and all wastes produced by residential development, while the traditional EF model of a region is improved in view of characters of residential development. Since the final and main objective of the residential development is to provide floor space, which is chosen as the indicator of product/service value herein. The proposed methodology is applied and exemplified in the eco-efficiency evaluation of residential development in three Chinese cities, namely, Beijing, Shanghai, and Nanjing. Results derived from the proposed methodology can help policy-makers and participants in the industry to assess residential development quantitatively and roundly. They can also provide implications for the environmental management of residential development at city level.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/13651
ISSN: 0360-1323
EISSN: 1873-684X
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.07.012
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