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Title: The effect of Bangerter filters on binocular function in observers with Amblyopia
Authors: Chen, Z
Li, J
Thompson, B
Deng, D
Yuan, J
Chan, L
Hess, RF
Yu, M
Keywords: Amblyopia
Binocular vision
Contrast sensitivity
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
Source: Investigative ophthalmology and visual science, 2015, v. 56, no. 1, p. 139-149 How to cite?
Journal: Investigative ophthalmology and visual science 
Abstract: PURPOSE. We assessed whether partial occlusion of the nonamblyopic eye with Bangerter filters can immediately reduce suppression and promote binocular summation of contrast in observers with amblyopia.METHODS. In Experiment 1, suppression was measured for 22 observers (mean age, 20 years; range, 14–32 years; 10 females) with strabismic or anisometropic amblyopia and 10 controls using our previously established “balance point” protocol. Measurements were made at baseline and with 0.6-, 0.4-, and 0.2-strength Bangerter filters placed over the nonamblyopic/ dominant eye. In Experiment 2, psychophysical measurements of contrast sensitivity were made under binocular and monocular viewing conditions for 25 observers with anisometropic amblyopia (mean age, 17 years; range, 11–28 years; 14 females) and 22 controls (mean age, 24 years; range, 22–27; 12 female). Measurements were made at baseline, and with 0.4- and 0.2-strength Bangerter filters placed over the nonamblyopic/dominant eye. Binocular summation ratios (BSRs) were calculated at baseline and with Bangerter filters in place.RESULTS. Experiment 1: Bangerter filters reduced suppression in observers with amblyopia and induced suppression in controls (P = 0.025). The 0.2-strength filter eliminated suppression in observers with amblyopia and this was not a visual acuity effect. Experiment 2: Bangerter filters were able to induce normal levels of binocular contrast summation in the group of observers with anisometropic amblyopia for a stimulus with a spatial frequency of 3 cycles per degree (cpd, P = 0.006). The filters reduced binocular summation in controls.CONCLUSIONS. Bangerter filters can immediately reduce suppression and promote binocular summation for mid/low spatial frequencies in observers with amblyopia.
ISSN: 0146-0404
EISSN: 1552-5783
DOI: 10.1167/iovs.14-15224
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