Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/12546
Title: Effects of TiO2 and curing temperatures on flame retardant finishing of cotton
Authors: Poon, CK
Kan, CW 
Keywords: Co-catalyst
Cotton
Flame retardant finishing
Titanium dioxide
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Source: Carbohydrate polymers, 2015, v. 121, p. 457-467 How to cite?
Journal: Carbohydrate Polymers 
Abstract: The performance of flame retardancy of cotton cellulose can be influenced by curing conditions. In this study, cotton cellulose was imparted durable flame retardant properties by a reaction between a flame retardant agent (Pyrovatex CP New) and a cross linking agent (Knittex CHN), in the presence of catalysts phosphoric acid and titanium dioxide (TiO2). After treating cotton fabrics at different curing temperatures for different curing time, its flame retardant performance was evaluated by 45° fabric flammability standard test method. For cotton fabrics cured at 150 and 170 °C, good flame retardant characteristics were retained even after three home laundering cycles. The use of TiO2 as a co-catalyst in the treatment improved the flame retardant properties and reduced the loss of tearing strength of cotton fabrics. No significant negative effect in the whiteness index was observed, as compared with conventional flame retardant treatment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/12546
ISSN: 0144-8617
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.11.064
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