Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/12143
Title: Transient surge impedance of a vertical conductor over the ground
Authors: Du, Y 
Wang, X
Chen, M 
Keywords: Ground
Impedance
Lightning
PEEC
Surge
Vertical conductor
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Electric power systems research, 2013, v. 94, p. 106-112 How to cite?
Journal: Electric power systems research 
Abstract: This paper presents an investigation into transient surge impedance of a vertical conductor over the ground during a lightning stroke. An equivalent circuit approach (PEEC) is employed to evaluate path-independent voltage on the conductor. The transient surge impedance is then computed in time domain until the reflected surge is back to the observation point. It is found that transient surge impedance increases as time goes on, and is determined by geometry of the conductor and waveform of the injected surge current. The transient surge impedance is neither affected by conductor height nor grounding resistance. The presence of a ground has no effect on transient surge impedance. A comparison with the approximate formulas for characteristic surge impedance is also made in the paper. The difference varies significantly with conductor height for the surge current with a long rising time.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/12143
ISSN: 0378-7796
EISSN: 1873-2046
DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2012.05.007
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