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Title: Impedance-based local stability criterion for DC distributed power systems
Authors: Zhang, X
Ruan, X
Tse, CK 
Keywords: Battery energy storage
DC distributed power system (DPS)
Photovoltaic system
Stability criterion
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Source: IEEE transactions on circuits and systems. I, Regular papers, 2015, v. 62, no. 3, 7004887, p. 916-925 How to cite?
Journal: IEEE transactions on circuits and systems. I, Regular papers 
Abstract: This paper addresses the stability issue of dc distributed power systems (DPS). Impedance-based methods are effective for stability assessment of voltage-source systems and current-source systems. However, these methods may not be suitable for applications involving variation of practical parameters, loading conditions, system's structures, and operating modes. Thus, for systems that do not resemble simple voltage-source systems or current-source systems, stability assessment is much less readily performed. This paper proposes an impedance-based criterion for stability assessment of dc DPS. We first classify any converter in a dc DPS as either a bus voltage controlled converter (BVCC) or a bus current controlled converter (BCCC). As a result, a dc DPS can be represented in a general form regardless of its structure and operating mode. Then, the minor loop gain of the standard dc DPS is derived precisely using a two-port small signal model. Application of the Nyquist criterion on the derived minor loop gain gives the stability requirement for the dc DPS. This proposed criterion is applicable to dc DPSs, regardless of the control method and the connection configuration. Finally, a 480 W photovoltaic (PV) system with battery energy storage and a 200 W dc DPS, in which the source converter employs a droop control, are fabricated to validate the effectiveness of the proposed criterion.
ISSN: 1549-8328
EISSN: 1558-0806
DOI: 10.1109/TCSI.2014.2373673
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