Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/11702
Title: Compromised bone strength index in the hemiparetic distal tibia epiphysis among chronic stroke patients : the association with cardiovascular function, muscle atrophy, mobility, and spasticity
Authors: Pang, MYC 
Ashe, MC
Eng, JJ
Keywords: Cardiovascular
Cerebrovascular accident
Muscle
Rehabilitation
Spasticity
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Springer London Ltd
Source: Osteoporosis international, 2010, v. 21, no. 6, p. 997-1007 How to cite?
Journal: Osteoporosis International 
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify the determinants of the bone strength index of the distal tibia epiphysis in chronic stroke patients. The results showed that lower cardiovascular fitness, more muscle atrophy, poorer mobility, and more severe spasticity were independently associated with lower tibial bone strength index. Introduction To identify the determinants of the bone strength index (BSI) at the distal tibia in chronic stroke patients Methods Sixty-three chronic stroke survivors underwent scanning of the distal tibia at the 4% site on both sides using peripheral quantitative computed tomography. The primary outcomes were trabecular bone mineral density (BMD; milligram per cubic centimeter), total BMD (milligram per cubic centimeter), total bone area (square millimeter), and BSI (square gram per centimeter to the power of four). Cardiovascular fitness, leg lean mass, gait velocity, and spasticity were also measured. Results Scans from 45 subjects were deemed to have acceptable quality and were included for subsequent analysis. The paretic side had significantly lower trabecular BMD, total BMD, and BSI than the nonparetic side (p < 0.05). However, the total bone area demonstrated no significant side-to-side difference (p > 0.05). After adjusting for relevant biological factors, peak oxygen consumption, leg muscle mass, and gait velocity remained positively associated with tibial BSI on both sides (R2 change = 6.9-14.2%), whereas spasticity of the paretic leg was negatively associated with tibial BSI on the same side (R2 change = 4.8%). Conclusions Cardiovascular function, muscle atrophy, mobility, and spasticity are independently associated with BSI of the distal tibia epiphysis among chronic stroke patients.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/11702
DOI: 10.1007/s00198-009-1038-3
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