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Title: Effects of elevated water temperatures on interfacial delaminations, failure modes and shear strength in externally-bonded CFRP-concrete beams using infrared thermography, gray-scale images and direct shear test
Authors: Lai, WL
Kou, SC
Poon, CS 
Tsang, WF 
Lai, CC
Issue Date: 2009
Source: Construction and building materials, 2009, v. 23, no. 10, p. 3152-3160
Abstract: This paper reports the results of a durability study of the effects of exposing externally-bonded CFRP-concrete beams to three elevated water temperatures (25 °C, 40 °C and 60 °C). The effects of the heated water environments on the adhesive bonding layer between the CFRP and concrete beams were evaluated by quantifying: (1) the changes of delaminations within the adhesive bonding layer, (2) the changes in resistance to direct shear force and (3) the changes of failure mode distribution. Before the exposure, the condition of the adhesive bonding layer was inspected by infrared thermography (IRT). After exposure, the deterioration of the same bonding layer and failure mode distributions were measured by analyzing the visual photos on the failed CFRP strips. The failure modes were found to be affected largely by the combined effect of elevated temperature and moisture ingress, in which three types were identified: failure at concrete beams, at adhesive bonding layer and interface between CFRP strip and concrete. With these methods, results of 54 specimens show that the adhesive bonding layers of all the specimens had gradually deteriorated in the 40 °C and 60 °C water baths. This deterioration was due to the weakening of the adhesive bonding layers when the glass transition temperature (T g) or the heat distortion temperature (HDT) was approached or even exceeded, and gradual development of delaminations at adhesive bonding layer.
Keywords: Accelerated exposure conditions
Externally-bonded CFRP and concrete composites
Quantitative infrared thermography (IRT)
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Construction and building materials 
ISSN: 0950-0618
DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.06.012
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