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Title: Consumer complaint behaviour of Asians and non-Asians about hotel services - an empirical analysis
Authors: Ngai, EWT 
Heung, VCS
Wong, YH
Chan, FKY
Keywords: Consumer behaviour
Service industries
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Source: European journal of marketing, 2007, v. 41, no. 11-12, p. 1375-1391 How to cite?
Journal: European journal of marketing 
Abstract: Purpose - This paper aims to test the differences in the consumer complaint behaviour of Asian and non-Asian hotel guests in terms of culture dimensions. It also aims to examine the relationship between demographic factors (age, gender and education level) and complaint behaviour. Design/methodology/approach - The paper adopts the Hofstede's typology of culture as a framework to investigate cultural differences and demographic characteristics in the complaint behaviour of hotel guests. A face-to-face interview survey is conducted to collect data in this research. Data are then analyzed by various statistical methods such as two-way contingency table analysis, non-parametric Mann-Whitney U and Chi-square tests. Findings - The survey reveals that older complainants tend to resort to "public actions," but people with a higher level of education tend not to complain publicly. In addition, Asian guests are less likely to complain to the hotel for fear of "losing face" and are less familiar with the channels for complaint than non-Asian guests. They are more likely than non-Asian guests to take private complaint action, such as making negative word-of-mouth comments. The findings also indicate that there is a significant relationship between "complaint encouraging factor" and respondents' nationality and between "effective complaint handling method" and respondents' nationality. Originality/value - Few studies have focused on the cultural differences in complaint behaviour of Asians and non-Asian hotel guests in the hotel industry. The result will be most valuable in assisting hotel managers and marketers to better understand the customer complaint behaviour and intentions both from the Asian and non-Asian contexts, and help formulate strategies and tactics to effectively manage the customer complaint.
ISSN: 0309-0566
EISSN: 1758-7123
DOI: 10.1108/03090560710821224
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