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Title: A design rationale representation model using patent documents
Authors: Liang, Y
Liu, Y
Kwong, CK 
Lee, WB 
Issue Date: 2009
Source: International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, Proceedings, 2009, p. 57-64
Abstract: Design rationale (DR) refers to the explanation of why an artifact is designed the way it is. The management of DR in engineering design is an important task since DR is often regarded as crucial information in design decision support, design analysis and design knowledge management. The existing DR systems largely target at manually capturing DRs along design activities. These systems are not only weak in revealing the internal relationships of design components, but also time consuming and they can not extract DR from archival design documents which are usually unstructured or semi-structured texts, such as design changes and test reports. Furthermore, the lack of open accessible DR data has limited the research and spreading of DR systems. In view of such challenges, it has motivated us to propose a new DR model to intelligently discover DR from patent documents since patents are deemed as quality data sources open for public access and they contain rich information about DR, invention details, technology development and so on. Our approach of DR discovery from patents consists of two stages. In the first stage, we propose a novel triple layer DR representation model, i.e. issue layer, design solution layer and artifact layer, to mine DR in a single patent document. The second stage aims to form a DR network based on the salient patent information that is discovered and explicitly represented in the first stage. We then exemplify our representation model using a case study of patents of inkjet printer. Lastly, we briefly discuss some potential applications by taking advantage of our representation model, such as DR reasoning and technology development trend mining.
Keywords: Design rationale
Patent document
Representation model
ISBN: 9781605588094
DOI: 10.1145/1651343.1651358
Description: PaIR 09 - 2nd Workshop on Patent Information Retrieval, Co-located with the 18th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, CIKM 2009, Hong Kong, 2-6 November 2009
Appears in Collections:Conference Paper

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