Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/10959
Title: Large-eddy Simulation of flow and dispersion around an isolated building: Analysis of influencing factors
Authors: Ai, ZT
Mak, CM 
Keywords: Building
CFD
Dispersion
Flow
LES
Sensitivity study
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Source: Computers and fluids, 2015, v. 118, p. 89-100 How to cite?
Journal: Computers and Fluids 
Abstract: CFD simulations are known to be very sensitive to many physical and numerical parameters. Many previous studies have analyzed the factors that influence RANS modeling, but few have considered how these factors affect LES modeling. This study investigates the factors that influence the LES modeling of flow and dispersion around an isolated building. The LES model is validated against two wind tunnel experimental datasets. The factors analyzed are upstream distance of computational domain, mesh resolution, length of sampling period, inflow fluctuating algorithm, subgrid-scale (SGS) Schmidt number, SGS model, and Smagorinsky constant. Based on the experimental data, the influences of these factors on the numerical results are discussed and appropriate selections are recommended. Specifically, this study finds that the fluctuating intensity of the velocity components provided by a Spectral synthesizer (an inflow fluctuating algorithm) is less than half of that provided by the Vortex method (an inflow fluctuating algorithm). In addition, the velocity field is less sensitive to some of the influencing factors than the concentration field. Therefore, different optimum values for specific influencing factors are suggested to predict velocity and concentration fields. The findings of this study are expected to improve the quality of LES modeling of flow and dispersion in built environments.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/10959
ISSN: 0045-7930
DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2015.06.006
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