Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/10581
Title: First Principles simulations of nanoscale silicon devices with uniaxial strain
Authors: Zhang, L
Zahid, F
Zhu, Y
Liu, L
Wang, J
Guo, H
Chan, PCH 
Chan, M
Keywords: Density functional theory (DFT)
First principles
Nanoscale devices
Nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF)
Quantum transport
Uniaxial strain
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Source: IEEE transactions on electron devices, 2013, v. 60, no. 10, 6578149, p. 3527-3533 How to cite?
Journal: IEEE transactions on electron devices 
Abstract: We report parameter-free first principle atomistic simulations of quantum transport in Si nanochannels under uniaxial strain. Our model is based on the density functional theory (DFT) analysis within the Keldysh nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) formalism. By employing a recently proposed semi-local exchange along with the coherent potential approximation we investigate the transport properties of two-terminal Si nanodevices composed of large number of atoms and atomic dopants. Simulations of the two-terminal device based on the NEGF-DFT are compared quantitatively with the traditional continuum model to establish an important accuracy benchmark. For bulk Si crystals, we calculated the effects of uniaxial strain on band edges and effective masses. For two-terminal Si nanochannels with their channel length of {\sim}{10}~{\rm nm}, we study the effects of uniaxial strain on the electron transport. With 0.5% uniaxial tensile strain, the conductance along [110] direction is increased by {\sim}{8\%} and that along [001] is increased by {\sim}{2\%}, which are comparable with the other reported results. This paper qualitatively and quantitatively shows the current capability of first principle atomistic simulations of nanoscale semiconductor devices.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/10581
ISSN: 0018-9383
EISSN: 1557-9646
DOI: 10.1109/TED.2013.2275231
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