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Title: Energy minimization for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks
Authors: Qiu, M
Xue, C
Shao, Z 
Liu, M
Sha, EHM
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: IOS Press
Source: Journal of embedded computing, 2009, v. 3, no. 2, p. 109-117 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of embedded computing 
Abstract: Lifetime is very important to wireless sensor networks since most sensors are equipped with non-rechargeable batteries. Therefore, energy and delay are critical issues for the research of sensor networks that have limited lifetime. Due to the uncertainties in execution time of some tasks, this paper models each varied execution time as a probabilistic random variable with the consideration of applications' performance requirements to solve the MAP (Mode Assignment with Probability) problem. Using probabilistic design, we propose an optimal algorithm to minimize the total energy consumption while satisfying the timing constraint with a guaranteed confidence probability. The experimental results show that our approach achieves significant energy saving than previous work. For example, our algorithm achieves an average improvement of 32.6% on total energy consumption.
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